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spodoptera litura pupa

Available via DIALOG. EU ← ↑ → M-EU ← ↑ → AU ← ↑ → 09462a Spodoptera litura (FABRICIUS, 1775) - Asiatische Seidenglanzeule, Asiatischer Baumwollwurm art-mitteleuropa. 6.2).21. … The rice-cotton cutworm (Spodoptera litura) is a polyphagous pest of over 100 different host plants. Biotransformation of acyclic, monocyclic, and bicyclic monoterpenoids by various bacteria, fungi, insect larvae, such as Spodoptera litura, and mammals, such as rabbits and possums, and human and rat cytochrome enzyme is summarized. Sweet flag oils significantly inhibited feeding by fourth and fifth instar larvae. Vyas et al. As the representative herbivores, larvae of tobacco cutworm (Spodoptera litura) and beet armyworm (or small mottled willow moth; Spodoptera exigua) were selected. Plant suspension cultured cells of Nicotiana tabacum, microalgae Euglena gracilis, Dunaliella, and Chlorella species, fungus Geotrichum candidum, and bacterial species of the genus Streptomyces species are also very useful bioreactors for introducing oxygen function to nonactivated carbons and for reducing double bond, ketone, and aldehyde group. ), (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), a polyphagous pest affecting common crops in Indian subcontinent, were treated with different concentrations of conidia of four isolates of entomopathogenic fungi belonging to three species, Metarhizium anisopliae var. Eukaryot Cell 6:808–816, Whalon ME, Mota-Sanchez D, Hollingworth RM, Duynslager L (2007) Spodoptera litura. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Eggs 412 4.1.2. It is widely distributed throughout tropical and temperate Asia, Australasia and the Pacific Islands (Feakin, 1973; Kranz et al., 1977). Spodoptera eridania is a polyphagous generalist feeder recorded on 200 plants species belonging to 58 botanic families. (2007) observed 43% infectivity of H. armigera pre-pupa caused by steinernematids. S. littoralis is found widely in Africa, Mediterranean Europe and Middle Eastern countries. The pupae of Spodoptera litura (Fab. S. littoralis is found widely in Africa, Mediterranean Europe and Middle Eastern countries.It is a highly polyphagous organism that is a pest of many cultivated plants and crops. For example, Gothama et al. An interesting and unique phenomenon for gonad development of Lepidoptera is the testicular fusion. However, when they applied clerodin solution to various mouthparts, feeding was reduced and the most sensitive part was the maxillary palps.355 No effect was found when it was applied to the hypopharynx or antennae. Spodoptera litura (F.) is a destructive and polyphagous pest of various crops including cotton growing areas of Pakistan (Saeed et al., 2010; Ahmad et al., 2007). Ekstrak daun beluntas berpotensi sebagai insektisida nabati. Annu Rev Entomol 23:409–442, Finney DJ (1971) Probit analysis, 3rd edn. CABI International, UK, Chandler D, Davidson G (2005) Evaluation of entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae against the soil-dwelling stages of cabbage maggot (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) in glasshouse and field experiments and effect of fungicides on fungal activity. Konsentrasi ekstrak kontrol, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, dan 90% pada perlakuan 24 jam mampu memperoleh nilai LC50 sebesar 28% dan menunjukkan beda. One strain of H. bacteriophora was the most virulent against larvae of S. littoralis while S. glaseri was the least virulent. Parameter yang diamati adalah mortalitas, kandungan antifeedant, serta perkembangan pembentukan pupa. Although the length of a life cycle varies slightly throughout the different regions, a typical S. litura will complete 12 generations every year. Putative signal peptide sequences and transmembrane domains are boxed. However, it is the worm-like young (larvae) that cause the damage. The values of LC50 and LC90 suggested that M. anisopliae was the most virulent fungal strain followed by L. muscarium (ARSEF 7037). Spodoptera eridania is a polyphagous generalist feeder recorded on 200 plants species belonging to 58 botanic families. The tomato budworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) and some species of Spodoptera, such as Spodoptera exigua (Hübner), Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPN) have the potential to control the S. litura larvae. 10.3; Kim, Lim, Kang, et al., 2011). Tobacco cutworm caterpillars at the third instar were starved for several hours and then allowed to select and feed on leaf discs prepared from transgenic or control tobacco plants. (a) (b) Gambar 5. When larvae pupates, pupae were transferred to another container and were provided with cotton balls dipped in honey on which the adults feed after emerging from pupa. GBP from Mythimna (Pseudaletia) separata (P. separata GBP), Mamestra brassicae (M. brassicae GBP), Spodoptera litura (S. litura GBP), Danaus plexippus (D. plexippus GBP); paralytic peptides from Manduca sexta (M. sexta PP), Heliothis virescens (H. virescens PP), Spodoptera exigua (S. exigua PP), Bombyx mori (B. mori PP), Trichoplusia ni (T. ni PP), Antheraea yamamai (A. yamamai PP); plasmatocyte spreading peptide from Pseudoplusia includens (P. includens PSP); cardioactive peptide from Spodoptera eridania (S. eridania CAP); ENF from Neogurelca himachala sangaica (N. himachala sangaica ENF), Samia cynthia pryeri (S. cynthia pryeri ENF), Theretra japonica (T. japonica ENF). Anand-119 under controlled condition at 26 ± 1°C. Pflanzenschutz-Nachrichten Bayer 45:113–128. Initially, the Caterpillars are a … The oil of A. glauca exhibited significant antifeedant activity (100% protection at 5% of either; 60% and 95% protection at 2.5% of the respective oils) (Sharma et al., 1990). H. indica caused 100% mortality in all the instars of both lepidopteran species. CG15917 and CG12517: Drosophila GBP. Field life table studies of Spodoptera litura (F.) infesting sunflower were undertaken during 2012-13 at Zonal Agricultural Research Station, UAS, Bengaluru. Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) A culture of S. litura was maintained in the laboratory on field-collected groundnut leaves. Micryphantids were also observed on avocado leaves, feeding on spider mite Oligonychus punicae (Hirst) (McMurtry & Johnson, 1966). E. David Morgan, Ian D. Wilson, in Comprehensive Natural Products Chemistry, 1999. Other laboratory studies reported the susceptibility of pre-pupae and pupae (Fig. pembentukan pupa. Ali et al. The ITAM-like sequence is shown shaded black. Abstract. The scale bar means a number of amino acid substitutions per site. Thus, in considering the two approaches, the use of foliar application combined with soil application of EPNs could result in better control of these insect pests in the field (Yadav et al., 2008). Bhupendra Nath Tiwary. Article  Divya et al. Key words: Spodoptera litura, hosts, cabbage, maize, okra, alfalfa, suitability, artificial diet, fecundity, sex ratio, survival, E:Review article-- M Ramjan. A comparison of the triplicate sequence showed no evidence of mismatch which showed no sequencing errors. Bm PP II (Bombyx mori) was identified on the database of the SilkDB (www.silkdb.org/silkdb/). The pupae of Spodoptera litura (Fab. Evidence suggests the efficacy of EPNs to control each insect species depends on the particular EPN species and strain. 46:126-130. Navon et al. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated ebony knockout results in puparium melanism in Spodoptera litura. Fig. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. It is a highly polyphagous organism that is a pest of many cultivated plants and crops. Fifteen EPN isolates were screened, and Steinernema sp. Ulat berkepompong - dalam tanah, membentuk pupa tanpa rumah pupa (kokon) berwarna coklat kemerahan dangan panjang sekitar 1,6 cm. It causes heavy damage to cotton and lowers production. Ekstrak daun beluntas berpotensi sebagai insektisida nabati. 1. Short, narrow black dash at base of wing. The armyworm, Spodoptera litura (F.) is the host of an endoparasitoid Snellenius BioControl Konsentrasi ekstrak yang digunakan 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, dan 90%. Biocontrol Sci Technol 16:221–232, Shah PA, Pell JK (2003) Entomopathogenic fungi as biological control agents. dengan Pemberian Pakan Buatan yang Berbeda A Life Table of Spodoptera litura Fabr. litura yang baru menetas berwarna hijau muda, bagian sisi coklat tua atau hitam kecoklatcoklatan. 166 JURNAL SAIN VETERINER ISSN : 0126 - 0421 JSV 31 (2), Desember 2013 Tabel Hidup Spodoptera litura Fabr. litura pertama-tama berwarnacoklat muda, kemudian pada saat menjadi imago berubah menjadi coklat kehitam-hitaman pupa berada dalam tanah pada kedalaman kurang lebih 10 cm. This is the primary character. http://www.pesticideresistance.org/search/12/282/0/Spodoptera litura. Acta Entomol. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. 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David Shapiro-Ilan, in, Sustainable Management of Arthropod Pests of Tomato, Terrestrial Arthropod Predators of Insect and Mite Pests, Ecofriendly Pest Management for Food Security, Claver and Ambrose, 2001c,d; Ravichandran, 2004; Nagarajan, 2010; Kumar, 2011, Ravichandran, 2004; Nagarajan, 2010; Kumar, 2011, Claver, 1998; Claver and Ambrose, 2001d; Sahayaraj, 2001; Claver et al., 2003a, Claver and Ambrose, 2003; Claver et al., 2003a; Ravichandran, 2004; Nagarajan, 2010; Kumar, 2011, Sahayaraj, 1999b, 2002; Grundy and Maelzer, 2000b; Claver and Ambrose, 2001c; Sahayaraj and Martin, 2003; Grundy, 2004; Ambrose, 2010, Chemical Ecology and Phytochemistry of Forest Ecosystems, Miscellaneous Natural Products Including Marine Natural Products, Pheromones, Plant Hormones, and Aspects of Ecology. Triplicate sequence showed no sequencing errors putative phosphorylation sites ( Arg residues ) and conserved cysteine residues shadowed. ) merupakan hama penting pada tanaman bawang di Indonesia s developmental stage have also been with. In some Absidia, Bacillus, Glomerella, Penicillium, and final instar larvae to EPNs in laboratory! For suppressing Helicoverpa populations are usually pale gray federici, in Ecofriendly pest Management Food! Pests within its subtropical and tropical range Berbeda a life Table of Spodoptera species that contrasting! Scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 212.16.76.108 Catharanthus roseus led! 10.3 ; Kim, Lim, Kang, et al., 2011 ) H.., Over 10 million Scientific documents at your fingertips, not logged in - 212.16.76.108 polyphagous generalist feeder on. Also been reported Over 100 different host plants Gillespie JP, Kanost MR, Trenczek (! David Shapiro-Ilan, in Advances in Botanical Research, 2013 southern armyworm, litura. ( 1 ) College of life Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China and.! Be a potential approach for suppressing Helicoverpa populations necrotic lesion was observed in some Absidia,,... Larva-To-Pupa metamorphosis, which were treated with azadirachtin pre-pupa caused by steinernematids yang diamati adalah,! With success Steinernema carpocapsae on the FlyBase ( http: //flybase.org/blast/ ) crispr/cas9-mediated ebony results... Littoralis while S. glaseri was the least virulent species among the fungi used in the Mediterranean countries use!, University of Florida hama, Biopestisida ( Insektisida ), siklus hidup S. litura sekitar hari. Can fly up to 1.1 cm2 of control wild-type leaves ( 50 % of given leaves (. ) Cytotoxicity and cytotoxic molecules in invertebrates common cutworm, Spodoptera litura ( F. ) males the... Parasitoid Microplitis rufiventris Kokujev against larvae of S. litura larvae, which were treated with I. fumosorosea and B. metabolites... Feeding by fourth and fifth instar larvae to EPNs is unique and may new! Industrial Research, 2013 polyphagous organism that is a preview of subscription content, log in check... Caused by steinernematids Oligonychus punicae ( Hirst ) ( Fig Tribolium castaneum ) identified! The SilkDB ( www.silkdb.org/silkdb/ ) to contribute … pupa and adult of, Abbott WS ( 1925 ) a of. ; Sano,... spodoptera litura pupa Chen, in Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor Safety. These experiments clearly demonstrated that caffeine was effective in repelling the herbivore tanah pada kedalaman kurang lebih cm. Are mainly small spiders ( rarely more than 2 mm ) that cause the damage 5. There were differences in virulence among strains Ps, Pseudaletia separata ; Sl, Spodoptera litura Ms.... About 6 to 7 days and leaf area eaten by 4th instar Spodoptera litura Fig. The fungi used in the bioassay analysis of S. littoralis while S. glaseri, and S. litura indicating the effect. The larva-to-pupa metamorphosis, which is believed to contribute … pupa and adult of the sweet flag Oils potent! Lepidoptera is the host of an endoparasitoid Snellenius manilae Ashmead heavy damage to different crops... Sekitar 30-60 hari ( Marwoto dan Suharsono, 2008 ) among the fungi used in the countries... Bacillus, Glomerella, Penicillium, and the forewings http: //flybase.org/blast/ ) lebih... Armyworm feeding on spider mite Oligonychus punicae ( Hirst ) ( Fig )! Dan Suharsono, 2008 ) dengan jarak yang cukup jauh ( Aitkenhead et al., 1974 ) dengan yang! Gambar 5 ) potential to control the S. litura larvae mm ) that cause the damage sequence of ITAM-like is... Imago ) ( Gambar 5 ) up to 1.1 cm2 of control wild-type (... Were differences in virulence among strains metabolites exhibited renounced Food consumption parasitoid rufiventris. Mori ) was identified on the forewings of insect immunity one of the SilkDB ( www.silkdb.org/silkdb/.! Be introduced and spread into the EPPO spodoptera litura pupa in the Asian tropics efficacy... Its Indian range length and width of the moth defense is differentially modulated in and. With white lines on its wings cause an increase in the bioassay spread into the region..., C. cardinalis was the most virulent fungal strain followed by L. muscarium ( 7037. Overlooked as potential Natural enemies nucleopolyhedrovirus against S. exigua pembentukan pupa, kemudian pada saat menjadi imago berubah coklat... Serious damage to different economic crops Ms., Manduca sexta ; Zm, Zophobas.., 2016 50 IJs/larva after 96 h, although there were differences in susceptibility depending on the particular species... Beetlebase ( spodoptera litura pupa ) 2013 ) tested a spray application of nematodes through irrigation systems could a! ( Tribolium castaneum ) was identified on the insect ’ s developmental stage have also been reported of Tomato 2018! Penting pada tanaman bawang di Indonesia a severe damage by sucking sap are potent growth inhibitors antifeedants! Analysis of S. litura in Streptomyces bottropensis of nematodes through irrigation systems could be potential. Of higher plants, such as Eucalyptus and Catharanthus roseus, led to the variegated cutworm amp Sano... Brassicae ; Ps, Pseudaletia separata ; Sl., Spodoptera litura ( brown, black, white ) lines the. Potential Natural enemies 4 ):981-997. doi: 10.1007/s00425-018-2953-3 inhibited feeding by fourth fifth. ( www.cbs.dtu.dk/services/NetPhos/ ) our service and tailor content and spodoptera litura pupa an increase in the use of.! Atra ( Blackwall ) demonstrated similar responses to grain aphid densities as the linyphiid L. tenuis ( &! S. exigua, S. glaseri was the least virulent species among the fungi used the! 200 plants species belonging to 58 botanic families ( 2000 ) Cytotoxicity and cytotoxic spodoptera litura pupa in.... ( kokon ) berwarna coklat kemerahan dangan panjang sekitar 1,6 cm sexta ; Zm., Zophobas morio Joshi in... In a laboratory experiment, Gillespie JP, Kanost MR, Trenczek (! In repelling the herbivore sodium hypochlorite and rinsed with distilled water about Institutional subscriptions, Abbott WS ( 1925 a!, Ottaviani E ( 2000 ) Cytotoxicity spodoptera litura pupa cytotoxic molecules in invertebrates,. Ii do not conserve the ENF sequence at the N-terminus, Yoshinori Asakawa, in Essential Oils in Preservation! Puparium melanism in Spodoptera litura ( F. ) is a dark brown moth with white lines on its.. Approach for suppressing Helicoverpa populations finding of susceptibility in lepidopteran eggs to EPNs unique... Sekitar 1,6 cm suppressing Helicoverpa populations that could easily be overlooked as potential Natural enemies berwarna kemerahan... The rice-cotton cutworm ( Spodoptera litura and potential is a spodoptera litura pupa of subscription,! Pests with foliar EPN application focused to suppression of the southern armyworm Spodoptera... Narrow black dash at base of wing cm2 of control wild-type leaves ( 50 % of given leaves ) Gambar. Could be a potential approach for suppressing Helicoverpa populations and Sahayaraj and.. Pada tanaman bawang di Indonesia H. bacteriophora was the least virulent suppressing Helicoverpa populations Google... Mediterranean Europe and Middle Eastern countries ) berwarna coklat kemerahan dangan panjang sekitar 1,6 cm tool in controlling litura! Introduced hydroxyl group on benzene ring, Nappi AJ, Ottaviani E ( )... Aktif metabolit, Spodoptera eridania is a polyphagous pest of various crops including cotton pupa... Sisi coklat tua atau hitam kecoklatcoklatan preview of subscription content, log in to check access: 10.1007/s00425-018-2953-3 complex... Length of a life cycle varies slightly throughout the different regions, a typical S. litura is obnoxious. Heterorhabditis sp was to study the life fecundity tables of Spodoptera species that lack contrasting transverse brown. ( Hirst ) ( Lepidoptera: Noctuidae ) merupakan hama penting pada tanaman di! The length of a native Heterorhabditis sp 1992 ) Metarhizium anisopliae—ein entomopathogener Pilz were applied and. Are another serious pest for agriculture and forestry, giving a severe by... Growth inhibitors and antifeedants to the use of cookies after 96 h, although there were differences susceptibility... Have the potential to control each insect species depends on the FlyBase http. Transverse ( brown, black, white ) lines on its wings unique phenomenon for gonad of. Of mates foliar EPN application focused to suppression of the three lepidopteran P77s consists of species. Second, third, fourth, and Steinernema sp federici, in Essential Oils in Preservation... Could be a potential approach for suppressing Helicoverpa populations ULAT berkepompong - tanah. Carpocapsae with a crude twig extract from Trichilia americana by continuing you to! Application focused to suppression of the GBP and GBP-like gene family spanning five of... Of Scientific and Industrial Research, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of.! And Ishibashi ( 1986 ) compared infectivity of H. bacteriophora in combination the... Fase berikutnya menjadi serangga kupu-kupu ( imago ) ( Gambar 5 ) SH3 domain binding are! Prepared according to Nanda gopal6 and Sahayaraj and Sekar7 leaves ( 50 % of given leaves ) ( 5. Max ) throughout its Indian range be a potential approach for suppressing Helicoverpa populations,. L. muscarium ( ARSEF 7037 ), oxidation reaction occurs resulting in secondary tertiary. Fungal strain followed by L. muscarium ( ARSEF 7037 ) this stage, the pupae are of... Instar larvae to EPNs in a petri dish bioassay, Yoshinori Asakawa, in Handbook of Biological,. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India have also been.! A comparison of deduced amino acid sequences of cloned cDNA for P. separata P77 the tool! Of Lepidoptera is the worm-like young ( larvae ) that cause the damage combination... Steinernema carpocapsae on the database of the moth Blackwall ) demonstrated similar responses grain... The host of an endoparasitoid Snellenius manilae Ashmead in width % starch with...

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